Electric Vehicles (EVs) are becoming more prominent as technology advances and new markets open. EVs are powered completely by an electric motor and the energy stored in the battery, unlike Hybrid Electric or Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV or PHEV) that are a combination of internal combustion engine and electric motor powered by battery. This developing all-electric technology has the benefit of zero direct exhaust or emissions and with continuing increases in driving range, consumers will transition from gas to electric with greater ease.
EV owners enjoy the fact that they never have to visit a gas station again and no longer have the routine of stop and fill on the way to work. Flexible fueling allows EVs to charge overnight at a residence or a fleet facility and any workplace or location with a charging station. Fuel costs for EVs are much lower than conventional fuels because of the low cost of electricity relative to conventional fuel, not to mention the average EV has a 100 mile per gallon gasoline equivalent (MPGe).
Aside from owner benefits, EVs do not directly emit any pollutants, improving on local air quality for everyone. Overall EV emissions can be associated with what local electricity is sourced, however homeowner use of solar panels and renewable energy could effectively foster a net zero EV that does not impact the air in any way. Many auto makers have or are working on all electric vehicles as gasoline prices continue to rise and demand for an alternative continues. Several EVs are available throughout the nation, including the Chevy Volt, Nissan LEAF, Ford Focus Electric, Tesla and many more, ranging from high end luxury to sports utility electric vehicles. Find out more about Electric Vehicles and other alternatives at the Department of Energy’s Alternative Fuels Data Center.